One of the most fruitful trees in Pelion is chestnut tree, which needs an altitude of at least 450 meters to thrive. The villages that have the biggest production in chestnuts is Kissos, Xourichti, Mouresi, Tsagarada, Anilio, Zagora and Pouri. The chestnut is known from antiquity and seems to have come to Greece from Asia Minor, constituting the basic food of the residents of mountain areas. It is a resource of complex carbohydrates and fibers, that it to say it can be consumed by diabetic people. It contains cholesterol and it is rich in monounsaturated fatty acids, which protect the organism against cardiovascular disease. In cooking, it is worldwide known that on the Christmas table the turkey is indispensably stuffed, among others, with chestnuts. The chestnuts can be eaten raw, boiled or roasted and exist in variations, mostly in pastry.