Bee made its appearance on earth almost 65 years before humans. Since mythology, honey had an important value. According to it, the Olympian Gods nourished on nectar and ambrosia, while dead people descending to Hades, had to keep a honey pie to propitiate Cerberus. Simultaneously, Homer and Hesiod are referred as honey collectors from wild bees in caves, while after the Hellenistic Times the systematic honey cultivation starts. Honey can be a valuable nutrition product, beneficial and directly be assimilated by the human organism as food. It is a natural food, tonic, with rich minerals, antiseptic properties and antibacterial. It is characterized as seasonal product, because it is produced by bees only in the summer. Its most important products are: the pollen, propolis, royal jelly and wax.
- The pollen comes from the golden dust of the flowers and it is an important food for the bee and the people, as it includes rutin, which enforces arteries, preventing strokes. You will find it in fresh granular form (Melissokomos, Alexandras laboratory)
- Propolis is collected from the eyes of different plants, trees and so on, and the bees lay it at the entrance of their hives in order for the enemies not to get in. It is antibacterial and it is used as basis for cosmetics. You will find it as shampoo and soaps (Achilleia, Alexandra laboratories), in alcoholic tincture (Melissokomos, Alexandra laboratory), unguent based on propolis (Alexandra laboratory).
- Royal Jelly is a creamy substance secreted by sub-pharyngeal glands of the young bees. It is so called due to the fact that larvae are meant to become queens, as the adult bees are nourished exclusively on a big quantity of this food. This Jelly is especially beneficial and tonic to the human organism, as it helps in the treatment of arthritis, it has antiseptic qualities and it is antibacterial. You will find it in freesia form in a jar of 10 gr (Melissokomos) and as unguent based on Royal Jelly.(Alexandra laboratory).
- The wax is secreted by the kerogen glands of the bee found in its thorax. The bee uses it to build the honeycomb with its legs and jaws. Bee’s wax, is used mostly as cosmetics, while owing to its reconstructive and moisturizing qualities, it helps the skin to have a soft and elastic structure, it soothes the burnings and injuries and holds the humidity in cells without closing the pores. You will find it as a wax cream (Achilleia,Alexandra laboratory) and compacted in cubs (Melissokomos).
Chestnut Tree Honey
The chestnut blooms in the months of June and July, giving to us apart from the fruit its honey. The color of the honey is dark, with a strong, intense scent and its taste is not particularly sweet, it is almost bitter. Its origins are mixed, from chestnut flower nectar and from honey secretions. Bees love the flowers of the chestnut tree so much that they can be aggressive around the hives. This honey does not crystallize easily, its resistance reaches 1.5 to 2 years.
Due to fact that Mount Pelion has rich vegetation, you will find other kinds such as: orange honey, flower honey, fir honey, pine honey which have a unique taste and aroma.
It is good to know that the honey is never spoiled, as long as it is maintained in the proper environment. The bee is a creature so rare, since it is nowadays protected by law in case someone tries to destroy the hive or the honeycomb. Moreover, it is a unique creature which, in order to protect itself, it will sting and it will die immediately.